ANIMAL:South African Large-Spotted/Cape Genet Genetta tigrina
Type of Animal:
Forest, woodland, areas near water, areas near streams/rivers, fynbos, savanna, farmland, villages, well-watered savanna woodland, cultivated areas, agricultural areas, areas near human settlements, scrub forest, riparian areas, grassland, permanent water reservoirs, scrubland, pine plantations, urban areas, coastal shrubland, rocky crevices
Ash gray/yellowish w/ brown irregular spots, black stripe along spine, white muzzle, white spots below eyes, black & white banded tail w/ black tip, short dorsal crest
Insects, myriapods, rodents, shrews, hedgehogs, golden moles, bats, reptiles, arachnids, amphibians, birds, seeds, fruit, grasses, bird eggs, carrion, earthworms, crabs, pet food, refuse, human leftovers, small primates, hyraxes, lagomorphs
Status in Wild:
Breeding from zoos, wildlife centers, & breeders
Male: 3.5-4.6 lbs
Female: 3-4.12 lbs
Young: 1 lb
9 weeksLife Span:
8-10 years in wild, 13-20 years in captivity
8.2 in, same for both sexes
Male: 1.5-1.91 ft
Female: 1.4-1.83 ft
Young: 8.2 in
Male: 1.283-1.5083 ft
Female: 1.267-1.416 ft
Main predators are owls, leopards, pythons, honey badgers, cats, dogs, & eagles.
Short, partially retractable claws help aid in climbing & catching prey.
Active at night (nocturnal).
Mark territory by depositing secretion from anal sac, often doing handstands while doing this.
Females make nests/give birth in hollow trees, holes, among boulders, & even in roofs.
Kits open eyes at 10 days old & canine teeth break through at 1 month old. Weaned at 1.5-2.5 months & leave mom at 6 months to a year. Become sexually mature at 11 months.
Usually breed in wetter periods.
Females usually give birth to 1-5 kits.
Sometimes killed by farmers due to killing poultry.
Courtship involves male following female, making low calls. He then smells genital region. Then, she assumes mating position w/ shoulders low & hindquarters slightly raised. Mating typically only lasts 5 minutes.
Females have 1-2 litters a year.
Communicate w/ cat-like vocalizations (purring/mewing/hissing/spitting).
When angry/frightened/injured, they can squirt foul-smelling substance.
Sometimes grass eaten to assist in digestion & get rid of any possible toxins ingested.
Can squeeze flexible bodies through any opening bigger than head.
Sometimes kept as exotic pets.