ANIMAL:Siberian Lynx Lynx wrangeli
Type of Animal:
Forest (closed & open), woodlands, mixed forest-steppe, tundra, alpine tundra, rocky barren areas above mountain tree lines, agricultural areas, rocky areas, temperate grassland, rocky outcroppings
Largest of all lynx, noticeable ear tufts like all lynx, short bobbed tails, fur mane around face, wide webbed paws, thick fur coat, silver-gray to grayish-brown coat
Deer (including reindeer & moose/elk), musk deer, wild/domestic pigs, pikas, hares, rabbits, rodents, domestic/feral cats, goats, foxes, birds, martens, sheep, carrion, bear cubs, dogs
Status in Wild:
Breeding in zoos & wildlife centers
Solitary, male-female pairs, or sibling groups of 2-3
Male: 66 lbs
Female: 46 lbs
Young: 7 lbs
2 monthsLife Span:
12 years in wild, 17-20 years in captivity
Male: 3 ft
Female: 2.5 ft
Male: 3.6 ft
Female: 3.2 ft
Male: 9 in
Female: 6 in
Main predators are wolves, tigers, leopards, & wolverines.
Highly territorial, w/ fights sometimes resulting in death.
Sexually mature at 1.5-2 years old. Females mature before males.
Highly valued for fur.
Litters usually have 1-3 kittens.
Large fur-covered paws help them navigate deep snow.
Breed from February-April.
Males & females w/o kittens breed once a year, females w/ kittens breed every 3 years.
They hunt by stealth.
While they don’t make much noise often, males scream/shriek in breeding season. Males growl deeply while females make loud meows in courtship. Also purr, mew, & hiss/spit (when threatened).
Very shy & secretive in wild, being able to go undetected for years.
Name lynx may stem from Messenian prince/Argonaut Lynceus in Greek mythology, said to be so sharp-sighted he could see through earth. Lynx have excellent eyesight, being able to spot prey 250 ft away. Besides excellent eyesight, ear tufts enhance excellent hearing.
Can consume 2.2-5.5 lbs of meat per day.
Can jump 6.5 ft in air to catch birds.
Sometimes compete w/ other animals like wolves, bears, tigers, leopards, wolverines, foxes, wild boar, golden eagles, & Eurasian eagle owls over food items. Boar scavenge from lynx kills while big cats, wolves, bears, & wolverines often steal their kills. Lynx defend kills fiercely.
While mostly shy, they’re highly dangerous when cornered or female defending kittens.