ANIMAL: Giant Panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca Type of Animal: Bear Habitat: Bamboo forest, broadleaf forest, coniferous forest Location(s): Forests of Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, & Gansu Appearance: Black leg area w/ mainly white backside & torso, black ears & nose, whitish face. Male larger than female. Food/Diet: 98% bamboo. Also eats other grasses, tubers, flowers, vines, mushrooms, bulbs, carrion, rodents, birds, musk deer fawns, fish, insects, eggs, honey, & fruit. Status in Wild: Endangered Conservation: Breeding in zoos & breeding centers. Lifestyle: Solitary Additional Info: Called: Male-Boar Female-Sow Young-Cub Group-Solitary Weight: Male-220 lbs Female-180 lbs Young-15-20 lbs Gestation: 4-5 months Life Span: 14-20 years in wild, up to 30 years in captivity Height: Male-3 ft Female-2.5 ft Body Length: Male-6 ft Female-5.25 ft Tail Length: 0.5 ft Adults have no predators. Cubs preyed on by leopards, dholes, martens, & male black bears. Wolong & Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Centers play very strong role in panda conservation, in China & worldwide. Fights over territory often vicious, sometimes deadly. Known to be extremely difficult to breed, since female is in heat only 1 day a year. Sexually mature at 4 years old. Females often raise only 1 cub if more than 1 cub is born. Endangered due to habitat fragmentation, deforestation, hunting for fur/feet, persecution, climate change, & accidental victims of poachers’ snares. The Chinese government gives non-Chinese institutions a 10-year lease for obtaining pandas, sometimes giving 5-year extensions. Females give birth only every other year. Fun Fact(s): One of most expensive animals to keep in a zoo. When born, cubs only the size of a stick of butter. In China, killing pandas carries life sentence, & even the death penalty. Symbol of World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Often the highest-rated attraction in a zoo. Though they look cute & cuddly, they’re in fact very dangerous, especially when provoked or if it’s a female w/ cubs.