Asian Elephant

ANIMAL:
Asian Elephant  Elephas maximus

Type of Animal:
Elephant

Habitat:
Forests, grasslands, transition areas between forest/grassland, grassy glades, dry thorn forest, cultivated areas, scrubland, scrub forest, plains, savanna, prickly forest, mosaic habitats, found in altitudes from sea level to over 9,842 ft

Location(s):
India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, S China, SE Asia, Sumatra, Borneo. Formerly found throughout Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, SE Asia, S & E China, Sumatra, Borneo, Java as well as S Iran, E & N Iraq, SE Turkey, & E Syria.

Appearance:
Smaller ears than 2 African cousins, only bulls have visible tusks w/ cows having tushes only visible when mouth open if any tusk at all, gray body, long trunk, Borneo Pygmy subspecies smallest of 4 subspecies (in fact often smaller than smallest elephant species-African Forest Elephant), followed by Sumatrans, followed by Indian & Sri Lankan (these 2 tend to be biggest). Overall, larger than Forest Elephants & smaller than African Bush Elephants. 2nd largest land mammal on earth. Some populations have large number of tuskless bulls.

Food/Diet:
Roots, grasses, fruit, bark, leaves, vines, twigs, shoots, agricultural crops, salt, minerals, palms, legumes, flowers, bamboo, stems, nuts, seeds, herbs, trees, vegetables, shrubs

Status in Wild:
Endangered. Semi-domesticated in parts of range.

Conservation:
Breeding in zoos, wildlife parks, & breeding centers

Lifestyle:
Basic family herds led by dominant oldest cow (matriarch), also comprising 5-8 related cows, calves, & juveniles plus a few sub-adult bulls around ages 8-10. Sometimes, different family herds join together forming clans of up to 30 elephants. Young bulls leave family herd between ages 8 & 12 while cows stay w/ family for life. Bulls solitary or in bachelor herds of 2-10 animals.

Additional Info:

Called:
Male: Bull
Female: Cow
Young: Calf
Group: Herd
 
Weight:
Male: 5-7 tons
Female: 3.25-4.5 tons
Young: 1,200 lbs

Gestation:
Up to 2 years 

Life Span:
50-70 years

Height:
Male: 7-11 ft
Female: 5-9 ft
Young: 3-3.5 ft
 
Body Length:
Male: 10-21 ft
Female: 7-16 ft

Tail Length:
3-5 ft, same for both sexes

Adults have no predators while lions & tigers prey on calves.
 
Bulls fight to death by ramming & goring each other. In fact, fights one of most common causes of death among bulls.
 
Most common elephants used in circuses/shows/rides since they tame easier than African cousins.
 
Endangered due to poaching for ivory/meat/skin, habitat loss, deforestation, & killing of individuals as crop pests.
 
Tuskless bulls more common in areas where ivory poaching more prevalent.

Fun Fact(s):
Trunk has multiple purposes, such as grabbing things, drinking, & snorkeling.
 
MORE ANIMAL HANDLERS KILLED BY ELEPHANTS THAN ANY OTHER ANIMAL- worst culprits being bulls in musth (periodic condition in bulls resulting in testosterone levels 60 times higher than usual), cows w/ calves, & abused elephants. Other aggression risks are from individuals that are plain aggressive, regardless of sex. They have wide range of temperaments.
 
Some people believe elephants never forget.

8 thoughts on “Asian Elephant

  1. golden goose stardan

    I want to show some thanks to you for rescuing me from such a scenario. As a result of searching throughout the world wide web and finding opinions that were not helpful, I thought my entire life was done. Existing without the strategies to the difficulties you’ve sorted out as a result of your review is a serious case, as well as ones that might have in a negative way damaged my career if I hadn’t come across your web site. Your own competence and kindness in dealing with a lot of things was important. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t encountered such a step like this. It’s possible to at this moment look forward to my future. Thank you very much for this high quality and result oriented guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest your web page to anyone who will need tips about this subject matter.

    Reply
  2. Meredith

    My partner and I stumbled over here different page and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.

    Reply
  3. Evangeline

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add
    to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping
    maybe you would have some experience with something like this.

    Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

    Reply
  4. golden goose

    I found your weblog site on google and verify a couple of of your early posts. Continue to keep up the superb operate. I simply additional up your RSS feed to my MSN Information Reader. Looking for ahead to reading more from you later on!?

    Reply
  5. Janessa

    Thanks for any other informative website. The place else may
    I get that type of info written in such an ideal means?

    I’ve a challenge that I’m just now working on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such info.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *