ANIMAL:Amur Leopard Panthera orientalis
Type of Animal:
Temperate forest/woodland, mountainous areas, mountainous forest
Primorye region of SE Russia, areas in NE China & N Korea bordering Primorye. Once ranged throughout SE Russia, NE China, & Korea.
Thickest fur/palest coat of all leopard species, winter coat varies from light yellow to dense yellowish-red w/ golden tinge or rusty reddish-yellow, summer coat more vivid & brighter, widely spaced rosettes w/ thick unbroken rings
Pigs (wild & domestic), foxes, bear cubs, tiger cubs, deer, musk deer, badgers, hares, rodents, raccoon dogs, gamebirds, poultry, hedgehogs, horses, moose, goats, sheep, lynx
Status in Wild:
Breeding in zoos, wildlife parks, & breeding centers. Field research/population monitoring in leopard habitat. Amur Leopard & Tiger Alliance (ALTA) initiative of Russian & western conservation organizations to conserve Amur Leopards & Amur Tigers.
Male: 70.5-106 lbs
Female: 55-95 lbs
Young: 12 lbs
3 monthsLife Span:
10-15 years in wild, up to 20 years in captivity
Male: 2.58 ft
Female: 2.08 ft
Male: 3.5-4.5 ft
Female: 2.4-3.7 ft
Male: 2.95 ft
Female: 2 ft
Critically endangered due to habitat loss, logging, loss of prey, poaching for fur/medicinal trade, forest fires, persecution for killing livestock, inbreeding, mineral/coal extraction, road construction, & oil exploration.
More of these leopards in captivity than in wild. Less than 100 left in wild.
Light colored coat helps camouflage them in snow.
Also called Ussuri leopard, Far Eastern leopard, Manchurian leopard, Siberian leopard, & Korean leopard.
Very territorial w/ fights sometimes resulting in death.
Often compete over prey w/ Amur/Siberian tigers, w/ tigers often having upper hand due to much larger size.
Sexually mature at 1.5 years old.
They purr, mew, & roar.
Cubs stay w/ mom for 1.5-2 years.
Moms have 1-4 cubs per litter.
Long tail comes in handy as they can wrap tail around themselves to keep warm.
They can leap more than 19 ft horizontally & up to 10 feet vertically.
Often very shy & elusive, they can also be highly dangerous, especially if cornered or mom defending cubs.
Coat can be as thick as 2.76 in during winter.