ANIMAL:African Pygmy/Four-Toed/White-Bellied Hedgehog Atelerix albiventris
Type of Animal:
Savanna, steppe, grassland, grassy areas, desert, scrubland, semidesert, scrub forest, woodlands, bushland, thickets, plains, agricultural land, gardens, stables, food storage buildings, areas where livestock are, dry rocky areas, city streets, forests, can be found as high as 6,600 ft above sea level but prefers lower elevations
Ranges from Senegal, extreme S Mauritania, & S Mali in west to southern Sudan & S Sudan east to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, & Somalia down through Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, extreme E Zambia, Malawi, & Malawi-Mozambique border
Oval body, short legs, short tail, long nose, small beady eyes, brown/gray spines w/ white/cream tips, speckled grey fur, white face/legs/belly
Insects, worms, caterpillars, slugs, snails, amphibians, small mammals, birds, fruits, plant matter, eggs, snakes (including small venomous species), lizards, vegetables, cat food, greens, insect larvae, berries, carrion, melons, fungi, roots, centipedes, spiders, scorpions, seeds, nuts, dog food, grubs, millipedes, land crabs
Status in Wild:
Breeding from zoos & breeders. Bred for pet trade.
Male: 14-21 oz
Female: 8.8-14 oz
Young: 2.5 oz
5 weeksLife Span:
2-3 years in wild, 6-8 years in captivity
Male: 6 in
Female: 8 in
1-1.5 in, same for both sexes
Main predators of adults are caracals, predatory birds, honey badgers, jackals, hyenas, domestic/feral dogs, wild dogs, & weasels. Adult hedgehogs prey on hoglets.
Fights can be fierce & even fatal, especially among males.
Active at night (nocturnal).
Have excellent sense of hearing/smell.
Quite vocal making variety of sounds such as hisses, growls, squeals, & chirps.
Sexually mature at 2 months old.
Can breed up to 4 times a year, w/ each litter having 1-10 hoglets.
Females have been known to cannibalize young if disturbed.
Courtship consists of hours of circling each other, making vocalizations.
When exposed to foreign smells/tastes, they’ll rub frothy saliva on quills.
Virtually immune to snake & scorpion venom.
Hoglets born w/ quills just below skin to prevent injury to mom.
Known to be great pets.
Often hybridized w/ Algerian/North African Hedgehogs in captivity.
Curls in tight ball when threatened w/ quills sticking out in all directions.