African Bush Elephant

ANIMAL:
African Bush Elephant Loxodonta africana

Type of Animal:
Elephant

Habitat:
Savanna, floodplains, forests, plains, grasslands, shrubland, desert, semi-desert, woodlands, scrub forest, marshes, swamps, agricultural areas, river valleys, wetlands

Location(s):
Most of Sub-Saharan Africa

Appearance:
Tusks present in bulls & cows but biggest on mature bulls, bulls larger than cows, big ears shaped like African continent, long trunk, big legs. Largest land mammals.

Food/Diet:
Grasses, herbs, leaves, fruit, bark, shrubs, trees, vegetables, vines, tubers, tree limbs, roots, twigs

Status in Wild:
Endangered

Conservation:
Breeding in zoos & wildlife parks

Lifestyle:
Basic family herds led by dominant, oldest cow known as matriarch & also consist of 8-10 related cows, calves & juveniles plus 2-3 sub-adult bulls under ages of 10. Different family herds come together forming clans of up to 50 elephants. Several clans come together in migrations forming mega herds up to 1,000 elephants. Young bulls leave family herd between ages 8 and 12 while cows stay with family herd for life. Bulls solitary or in bachelor herds of 2-15 animals. 

Additional Info:

Called:
Male-Bull
Female-Cow
Young-Calf
Group-Herd

Weight:
Male-5-8 tons
Female-3.5-5 tons
Young-1,200 lbs

Gestation:
Up to 2 years

Height:
Male-10-12 ft
Female-8.5-10 ft
Young-3-6 ft

Body Length:
Male-18-24 ft
Female-16-18 ft

Life Span:
Up to 60-70 years

Tail Length:
3-5 ft, same for both sexes

Due to large size, adults have no predators except for occasions of prides of lions taking adult cows. Sub-adults preyed on by lions, crocodiles, & hyenas. Wild dogs & leopards prey on calves.

Declining in some areas while increasing in others. Declining in some areas due to poaching for ivory/meat/skin, habitat loss, deforestation, & persecution as crop pests.

Bulls fight to death by ramming and goring each other w/ tusks.

Cows sexually mature at 8 years old, bulls at 10 years old.

A few years after reaching sexual maturity, bulls go into 1st musth (hormonal state marked by increased aggression). Bull secretes fluid from temporal gland between eye & ear & often rub head on trees/bushes to spread scent. They’re extremely aggressive & dangerous at this time.

Feet are quite sensitive, able to detect vibrations through ground.

Trunk has multiple purposes, such as smelling, grabbing things, drinking, breathing, trumpeting, & snorkeling.

Fun Fact(s):
Some people believe elephants never forget.

MORE ANIMAL HANDLERS KILLED BY ELEPHANTS THAN ANY OTHER ANIMAL- The worst culprits are bulls in musth (periodic condition in bulls resulting in testosterone levels 60 times higher than usual), cows w/ calves, & abused elephants. Other aggression risks are from individuals that are plain aggressive, regardless of sex. Sometimes whole family herd defends calves. They have wide range of temperaments.
 

9 thoughts on “African Bush Elephant

  1. kd shoes

    I wanted to put you one little observation to be able to give thanks yet again on the awesome information you’ve provided on this site. This is quite wonderfully open-handed of you to convey unhampered just what a number of people would have distributed as an ebook to help make some bucks on their own, particularly considering that you might well have done it if you ever considered necessary. These things as well acted like the great way to fully grasp that other people online have similar desire much like my own to realize very much more on the subject of this issue. I believe there are many more pleasant situations in the future for individuals who browse through your site.

    Reply
  2. bape official

    Thanks a lot for giving everyone remarkably special opportunity to discover important secrets from this site. It really is very pleasant and as well , full of a good time for me and my office fellow workers to search your web site at minimum three times per week to study the new secrets you have. Of course, I’m also actually pleased with your brilliant points you serve. Selected two points in this article are unequivocally the most efficient we have ever had.

    Reply
  3. jordan

    I would like to show thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this particular trouble. After researching through the the net and seeing basics which are not powerful, I assumed my life was done. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the problems you have resolved by means of your main guideline is a crucial case, and the ones that would have adversely affected my career if I hadn’t encountered your web site. Your main capability and kindness in dealing with everything was very useful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a thing like this. I can now look forward to my future. Thanks very much for your reliable and effective help. I will not be reluctant to recommend the sites to any individual who needs tips about this issue.

    Reply
  4. nike kyrie 5

    I needed to post you this little bit of note to finally thank you yet again over the incredible ideas you have documented on this page. It is really remarkably open-handed of people like you to offer easily exactly what a few people might have marketed for an ebook to make some dough for their own end, particularly since you might have tried it in the event you wanted. The smart ideas likewise served like the easy way to know that other people have the identical dreams similar to my very own to grasp much more with regard to this issue. I’m certain there are thousands of more enjoyable instances ahead for those who look into your website.

    Reply
  5. supreme outlet

    I must show some appreciation to you just for rescuing me from this particular trouble. As a result of browsing throughout the online world and seeing notions which were not helpful, I believed my life was done. Existing without the answers to the issues you’ve resolved by way of your entire post is a crucial case, and the kind that could have badly damaged my career if I had not discovered your website. Your good knowledge and kindness in dealing with all the pieces was excellent. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a point like this. I can at this moment relish my future. Thank you very much for this expert and sensible help. I won’t hesitate to refer the sites to any person who would like direction about this situation.

    Reply
  6. yeezy shoes

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an extremely wonderful possiblity to read from here. It is usually very terrific plus packed with a lot of fun for me and my office fellow workers to visit the blog really 3 times every week to read the latest tips you will have. And lastly, we’re at all times satisfied considering the impressive techniques you serve. Some 2 tips in this post are surely the most beneficial we have all ever had.

    Reply
  7. golden goose

    I really wanted to send a small remark to say thanks to you for those fantastic ideas you are posting at this website. My extensive internet search has at the end been compensated with high-quality content to write about with my close friends. I would tell you that we readers are undoubtedly fortunate to be in a superb network with very many awesome professionals with very beneficial basics. I feel truly happy to have seen your web site and look forward to tons of more brilliant times reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

    Reply
  8. chrome hearts outlet

    I truly wanted to jot down a brief comment so as to say thanks to you for all of the amazing pointers you are sharing here. My time consuming internet lookup has at the end of the day been recognized with brilliant suggestions to talk about with my partners. I ‘d point out that many of us website visitors are quite endowed to dwell in a very good network with very many lovely professionals with good opinions. I feel very much fortunate to have come across your web pages and look forward to plenty of more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

    Reply
  9. hermes belt

    I am writing to let you be aware of of the nice experience my daughter had studying the blog. She came to find many pieces, which include what it is like to possess a marvelous giving spirit to make most people just understand a variety of tricky subject areas. You truly exceeded my expected results. Thank you for coming up with these necessary, safe, educational not to mention easy tips on that topic to Lizeth.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *