Western Green Mamba

Western Green Mamba  Dendroaspis viridis

Type of Animal:

Tropical forest, thickets, woodlands, vegetated areas in cities/towns/suburbs, vegetated parkland, open forest, savanna, forest edges/clearings, scrubland

W Africa from S Senegal & S tip of Mali to SW Nigeria

Long slender snake, narrow elongate head, vivid yellowish green to green, yellow anterior scale margins, yellowish green to green head, more yellow on belly, round pupils, yellow brown iris

Birds, rodents, bats, shrews, tree pangolins, lizards, frogs, eggs

Status in Wild:

Breeding from zoos, reptile centers, & breeders


Additional Info:


Male-1.4 lbs
Female-1.5 lbs

2.5-3 months 

Life Span:
12-15 years

Body Length:
Male-4.6 ft
Female-6.9 ft
Young-3.2 ft

Tail Length:
Male-0.98 ft
Female-1.38 ft
Young-7.68 in

Main predators are raptors, pythons, & monitor lizards.

Prefer trees but will descend to the ground to hunt.

Venom is mix of neurotoxins (targeting nerve tissue) & cardiotoxins (targeting heart).

Venom extremely fast acting.

Strikes prey rapidly & often until it succumbs to venom.

While growth decreases w/ age, never completely stops growing.

Females lay 4-17 eggs.

Also called the West African Green Mamba.

When snake is aroused, it will flatten its neck.

They have a very high metabolism.

They tend to be active year round.

Males neck wrestle w/ other males over females.

These snakes rely heavily on vision to hunt.

Often nest in mammal burrows in trees.

Fun Fact(s):
Can reach speeds of up to 7 mph.

Babies highly venomous right at birth.

Extremely dangerous due to highly potent venom, agility, & often, unpredictable temperament. However, they’ll flee if given choice. If cornered, they’ll hiss/strike repeatedly.

Besides being fast & unpredictable, they’re also shy, alert, & nervous.

While bites uncommon, majority of recorded bites have been fatal.
Some bite fatalities have occurred only half an hour after being bitten.

Symptoms of bites include local pain/swelling, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, vertigo, drowsiness, difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, & paralysis.

1 thought on “Western Green Mamba

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