ANIMAL:Oriente Knight/Smallwood’s Anole Anolis smallwoodi
Type of Animal:
Mangroves, shrubland, isolated fig stands, coffee plantations, semideciduous forest, evergreen forest, gallery forest, rainforest
Deep-green often w/ blue spots, males have orangish/pinkish dewlaps, long wedge-shaped snout (looks like knight’s helmet), long tail
Insects, insect larvae, grubs, worms, spiders, tree frogs, smaller lizards, birds
Status in Wild:
Breeding in zoos & herpetoculture
Solitary or breeding trios of a male & 2 females
Male: 4 oz
Female: 2.5 oz
2-3 monthsLife Span:
Male: 10 in
Female: 8 in
Male: 20 in
Female: 16 in
Main predators are snakes, cats, & birds.
Dewlap on males used to attract females, threaten rival males, & make themselves appear larger to predators.
They’re arboreal (tree-dwelling).
Active during the day (diurnal).
Often obtain water by licking it off leaves.
Breed from March-September.
Females dig hole for egg (s) w/ snout. Usually lay 1-2 eggs per clutch but 1-6 a season.
Coloration aids in camouflage for hiding from predators & catching prey.
Males extremely territorial, sometimes fighting to the death. Before fighting, they’ll sit high on all fours, gape menacingly, & head-bob. Females also fight over territory (sometimes violently) but not as intense as males.
Mating can be rough w/ males sometimes biting female’s neck hard enough leaving lacerations & scars. After neck bite, they intertwine tails & he inserts hemipenis into female’s cloaca.
Very shy in the wild & can be rather defensive in captivity. They do have strong jaws/sharp teeth.
Often called “chipojo” in Cuba, meaning “chameleon” or “climbing big green lizard.”
Occasionally kept as pets but rather uncommon in captivity.