ANIMAL:Eastern Blue-Tongued Skink Tiliqua scincoides
Type of Animal:
Woodland, grassland, heath country, parks, gardens, forests, deserts, urban/suburban areas, backyards, semi-desert, scrubland, savanna, bushland
E & eastern S Australia
Bold dark bands around eyes, distinct cobalt blue tongue, grey to brown scales w/ barred pattern, pale underside, large narrow head, small legs, short fat tail
Insects, snails, worms, flowers, fruit, berries, vegetables, greens, small mammals, insect larvae, melons, leaves, carrion, young ground-nesting birds, frogs, grubs, smaller reptiles
Status in Wild:
Breeding from zoos & private breeders
Male: 1.08 lbs
Female: 1.375 lbs
Young: 1 oz
3 monthsLife Span:
Male: 1.03-1.22 ft
Female: 1-1.175 ft
Young: 0.4 ft
Male: 0.618-0.732 ft
Female: 0.6-0.705 ft
Main predators of adults are dogs, cats, foxes, snakes, predatory birds, dingoes, monitor lizards, & quolls. Young preyed on by variety of reptiles, mammals, & birds.
Sexually mature at 1.5-2 years old.
They are ovoviviparous, giving birth to 5-25 live young.
Mating very aggressive, w/ male biting female often causing scale damage & light bleeding.
Males often fight to the death during breeding season.
They spend all their time on the ground.
They’re active during the day (diurnal).
They tend to be slow-moving animals.
Like most lizards, they shed their skin in pieces.
Beneficial since they eat lots of invertebrates.
Sometimes accidentally killed by lawn mowers.
Overlapping scales help keep out debris.
Shed every 6 weeks.
Often killed due to head resemblance to highly venomous death adder.
In cooler temps, they stay inactive.
Thick muscular tail helps propel them through soil.
Make great pets due to docile temperament.
Can shed tail to escape predators & then regrow it.
When threatened, they puff up body, stick out signature blue tongue, & hiss. If this doesn’t work, they will bite hard (even though they don’t have well-defined teeth).
Ingests stones to help digest food.
Once rumored to be poisonous/venomous due to blue tongue.