Cape Brown House Snake

Cape Brown House Snake Boaedon capensis

Type of Animal:

Usually near human habitations

Southern Africa

Uniform red-brown, small body scales, older snakes darker, 2 pale yellow streaks on side of head. Different morphs/mutations occur (some only in captivity), 1 morph occurring in Springbok area of N Cape resembles striped house snakes.

Lizards, bats, birds, eggs, rodents, amphibians, other snakes, shrews, insects

Status in Wild:

Breeding in herpertoculture


Additional Info:

Young: Snakelet
Group: Solitary

Male: 5.3 oz
Female: 10.6 oz
2-3 months 

Life Span:
20 years

Body Length:
Male: 2-2.5 ft
Female: 4 ft
Young: 1 ft

Tail Length:
Male: 5.59 in
Female: 5.55 in

Main predators are larger snakes (females sometimes eat smaller males), mongooses, monitor lizards, button spiders, raptors, domestic/wild pigs, & felids.
These snakes are nocturnal.
Uses constriction to kill prey.
Fairly slow-moving snakes.
Usually eat once every 2 weeks.
Get their name from preference of being near human habitations.
Beneficial to humans since they eat rodents.
Males sexually mature at 4 months, females at 6 months.
Eggs highly adhesive, w/ clutches firmly sticking together.

Fun Fact(s):
Known to be voracious eaters, eating entire nests of rodents.
Common misconception that South Africans introduce snakes into homes to eat rodents when in fact they’re already there.
Breed very easily in captivity, sometimes up to 6 times a year. Usually breed 2 or 3 times a year in wild. Females lay 5-20 eggs per clutch.
Known to be good pets & easy to care for.
Though fairly docile, they may bite if provoked.
Sometimes mistaken for young Egyptian cobras.
Cape Brown House Snake, stock photo

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