Pumpkinseed

ANIMAL:
Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus

Type of Animal:
Sunfish

Habitat:
Clear fresh water w/ sandy/muddy/gravel bottoms & lots of vegetation- lakes, ponds, rivers, streams, creek pools, reservoirs, creeks, marshes, will utilize brackish water as well

Location(s):
Native to E US from E Dakotas/NE Nebraska through Midwest & as far N as Maine & far S as N/E Georgia as well as SE Manitoba, SW Ontario, far SE Ontario, S Quebec, & New Brunswick. Introduced/invasive in parts of West Virginia, S Ohio, S Indiana, S Illinois, parts of Missouri, part of S Iowa, N/E Nebraska, Dakotas, NW US, California, Arizona, throughout S Canada, much of Europe, Turkey, Georgia (the country), Chile, Venezuela, Brazil, W Russia, & parts of Africa.

Appearance:
Orange/green/yellow/blue fish w/ speckling over sides/back, yellow-orange breast/belly, faint green/blue vertical bars on sides (more prevalent in females), orange spots often cover dorsal/anal/tail fins, blue-lined cheeks, orange-red spot on margins of black gill cover, blackish dorsal spines, amber/clear pectoral fins, small pumpkinseed shaped body, males brighter than females in breeding season often w/ more reddish-yellowish-orangish, deep laterally compressed fish

Food/Diet:
Snails, worms, insects, small fish (including small members of own species), crustaceans, insect larvae, detritus, aquatic vegetation, tadpoles, small frogs, leeches, zooplankton, eggs, leaves, algae, shrimp larvae

Status in Wild:
Stable

Conservation:
Not applicable

Lifestyle:
Schools of 2-150 fish w/ juveniles/subadults in larger schools than adults. Colonial nesters w/ colonies comprising 3-15 nests-each guarded by territorial male. Multiple females use same nest & females often spawn in multiple nests. Fry live w/ dad for 1st 2 weeks of life.

Additional Info:

Called:
Male
Female
Young: Fry/Fingerling
Group: School
 
Weight:
Male: 0.78-2.4 oz
Female: 0.53-2.32 oz
Young: 0.055 oz

Gestation:
3-5 days 

Life Span:
6-8 years

Body Length:
Male: 3.97-5.9 in
Female: 3.54-5.78 in
Young: 1.5 in

Tail Length:
0.8 in, same for both sexes

Main predators are larger fish (including larger members of own species), ospreys, eagles, hawks, herons, cormorants, waterfowl, raccoons, otters, muskrats, & shorebirds.
 
Also called punkie, pond perch, common sunfish, sunfish, pumpkinseed sunfish, pumpkinseed fish, sunny, sun perch, & kivver.
 
Where invasive, they outcompete native fish.
 
Males flare gills in spawning season & both sexes flare them when threatened by predators.
 
Sharp spines aid in defense.

Fun Fact(s):
These fish are very popular among anglers.
 
Single female can lay more than 1,700 eggs in a season.
 
Often mistaken for closely related Bluegills & sometimes hybridize w/ Bluegill. They often nest near Bluegill as well.
 
Males highly protective of eggs/nest/young fry, often charging at people who get too close.

2 thoughts on “Pumpkinseed

  1. Joyce

    Tremendous issues here. I am very glad to see your article.
    Thank you a lot and I am having a look ahead to touch you.
    Will you kindly drop me a mail?

    Reply

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