Jambu Fruit Dove

ANIMAL:
Jambu Fruit Dove Ptilinopus jambu

Type of Animal:
Pigeon/Dove

Habitat:
Forests, mangrove swamps/mangroves, woodland, mature parks/gardens

Location(s):
Peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Brunei, Borneo

Appearance:
Plump small-headed bird, male has crimson-pink face w/ black chin, unmarked green upper body, white belly, pink breast patch, green tail, dark chocolate-brown undertail, female has dull purple face w/ dark chin, green overall, darker white to gray belly, cinnamon undertail, juveniles resemble females but have green faces, females lacks pink breast

Food/Diet:
Fruit

Status in Wild:
Stable

Conservation:
Breeding in zoos & wildlife centers

Lifestyle:
Flocks of 2-6 birds

Additional Info:

Called:
Male: Cock
Female: Hen
Young: Squab
Group: Flock
 
Weight:
1.5 oz

Gestation:
3 weeks

Life Span:
4-6 years in wild, 10-17 years in captivity

Height:
9.1-10.6 in

Body Length:
9.1-10.6 in

Tail Length:
1.5 in

Main predators are larger birds, snakes, felids, monitor lizards, crocodilians, bears, weasels, civets, monkeys, & pigs.
 
Like most fruit doves, they’re very shy.
 
Green feathers help in camouflage.
 
Males announce breeding territory by raising wings & cooing w/ head moving forward & bobbing body up & down. If that doesn’t work, he’ll peck at rival male.
 
Females usually lay 1-2 eggs.
 
Stable but declining due to logging, habitat loss, hunting, & bird/pet trade.
 
Sexually mature at 6 months old.
 
Male collects nesting material for female, who builds flimsy nests of twigs/roots/grasses.
 
Males get adult coloration by 9 months old.
 
Active during the day (diurnal).
 
Both parents incubate eggs.
 
Due to exclusively frugivorous diet, they play important role in seed dispersal.
 
Courtship involves male cooing & pair sitting closely together.
 
Squab (s) stay w/ parents for up to 6 months.

Fun Fact(s):
Wings functional before eyes even open.
 
Like other pigeons/doves but unlike most birds, they can put entire bill into water, drinking by sucking in.
 
Often follow hornbills & monkeys (both potential predators), eating fruit knocked off by them.
 
Like many pigeon/dove species, they feed young crop milk.
 
Jambu means guava in Malay.

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