ANIMAL:Guam Kingfisher Todiramphus cinnamominus
Type of Animal:
Forests, woodlands, coastal lowlands, coconut plantations/groves, large woody gardens, mangrove swamps, ravines, agricultural fields, forest/woodland edges/openings, strand vegetation
Blue back, rusty cinnamon head, males have orange-cinnamon belly, females/juveniles white belly w/ orange, large laterally-flattened bill, blue tail, metallic green-blue wings, juveniles dustier than adults
Insects, insect larvae, lizards, crustaceans, mice, worms
Status in Wild:
Extinct in the Wild
Breeding in zoos, breeding centers, & aquariums. Potential reintroduction into wild or introducing to snake-free island nearby. Eradication programs of Brown Tree Snakes, which have decimated bird populations on Guam.
Solitary, monogamous pairs, or small family parties of a monogamous pair w/ 1-2 sets of offspring
Male: 1.8-2.6 oz
Female: 2-2.7 oz
3 weeksLife Span:
Male: 7.87 in
Female: 9.44 in
Male: 7.87 in
Female: 9.44 in
Before introduction of invasive predators, monitor lizards & raptors main predators of adults w/ crows taking young. Accidentally introduced brown tree snakes from S Pacific have taken disastrous toll on these birds as well as cats, rats, & pigs.
Became extinct in wild in late 1980s due to introduced predators (especially brown tree snakes but also cats/rats/pigs) & habitat loss. All remaining birds were placed into captivity.
Very shy/secretive in wild.
Only found in captive facilities in N America & Guam.
Have loud raspy call.
They’re cavity nesters.
Pairs usually lay 1-3 eggs (most often 2) but often only 1 chick survives, often due to siblicide.
To capture prey, they swoop down & beat it side to side on branch to stun/kill before swallowing whole.
Sexually mature at 1.5 years.
Known as Sihek in Chamorro language spoken on Guam.
Less than 150 of these birds left in the world.
Though small, they’re highly territorial & often attack other bird species as well as conspecific. This means they don’t mix well w/ most bird species in captivity.
Bad enterprise ethics, teammates / managers that are disrespectful / inconsiderate.
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