ANIMAL:Curl-Crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaisii
Type of Animal:
Forests, river edges, riverine areas
W Brazil, E Peru, N Bolivia
Shiny black curled feathers on head, orange-tipped heavy multicolored bill, whitish-yellow facial feathers, red upper back, green lower back, yellow breast w/ red blotches & single red band, long tail dominated by greenish-bronze, females have shorter bills than males, very colorful birds
Fruit, berries, eggs, young birds, insects, vegetables
Status in Wild:
Breeding in zoos, wildlife centers, & aviculture
Flocks of 2-12 birds. Break off into pairs/families for breeding/nesting season. Sometimes helpers aid in rearing of younger siblings. Also, sometimes fledged family groups join other birds.
Male: 10 oz
Female: 6 oz
7-8 years in wild, 16-18 years in captivity
Main predators are felids, raptors, snakes, crocodilians, & monkeys.
Sexually mature at a year old.
Females lay 2-4 eggs per clutch.
Serrated edges of bills help grip/gather food.
Like all toucans, they don’t have down feathers at any age & have parrot-like zygodactyl feet (2 toes forward & 2 toes back).
Also called Curly-Crested Aracari.
To sleep, they place bills on backs & raise tails to form roof over backs/bills.
Active during the day (diurnal).
Males often courtship feed females. During breeding period, males modify nest sites & coax females to it for approval.
Chicks eyes open at 23-25 days, becoming fully feathered at 35-40 days. They fledge at 7 weeks but stay w/ parents for 8-12 months.
Usually nest in hollow tree logs.
Has loud “eeee-yak” call.
These birds often fairly tame in captivity.
Bill honeycomb of bone containing lots of air.
Bristles along sides of tongue help bird catch/taste food before swallowing.
Able to adjust blood flow in beak.
Most frequently kept smaller toucan as pets after close relative Green Aracari.
Since they’re poor flyers, they often move around by hopping.