ANIMAL: Common Raven Corvus corax Type of Animal: Corvid Habitat: Forests, woodlands, treeline areas, mountains (as high as 20,600 ft), desert, seacoasts, sagebrush, tundra, grasslands, rural settlements, towns, cities, suburban/urban areas, coastal cliffs, prairies w/ nearby cliffs, island areas, coastal areas, parks w/ tall trees, alpine parklands, tidal flats, agricultural fields, orchards, savanna, rocky coastlines, meadows, near human establishments Location(s): Alaska, Canada, Greenland, W, NC, & NE US all the way down into Appalachia, Mexico, Eurasia, C Asia, N Africa (Morocco, N Algeria, Tunisia, N Libya), Asia Minor & Caucasus region through Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, N India, Himalayan region, parts of China Appearance: Large slightly curved bill, long wedge-shaped tail, largest corvid species, birds in colder regions largest, black plumage, shaggy throat feathers, dark brown iris, juveniles duller w/ blue-gray iris, N African Ravens smallest w/ shortest throat hackles & strongly arched culmen (upper ridge of bill), Tibetan Ravens largest w/ longest throat hackles, Northern Ravens have largest bills, from smallest to largest subspecies-N African Raven, Western, N Eurasian, Icelandic, S Eurasian, Kamchatkan, Northern Raven, Tibetan Raven Food/Diet: Carrion, refuse, small mammals, birds (up to size of geese), eggs, arthropods (adults & larvae), worms, fruit, grains, reptiles, amphibians, seeds, buds, human food, mammal poop, fish, pet food, nuts, acorns, newborn calves, lambs, goat kids, mollusks Status in Wild: Stable Conservation: Not applicable Lifestyle: Flocks of 2-16 birds. Break off into monogamous pairs for breeding/nesting season. Family groups sometimes seen w/ monogamous pair & 1-2 sets of offspring, each set w/ 3-7 chicks. Additional Info: Called: Male: Cock Female: Hen Young: Chick Group: Unkindness Weight: Adult: 1.51-3.58 lbs Young: 0.59 lbs Gestation: 20-25 days Life Span: 15 years in wild, 30-40 years in captivity Height: 1.84-2.26 ft Body Length: 1.84-2.26 ft Tail Length: 3 in Main predators of adults are bears, foxes, coyotes, very large owls, & eagles. Strange ravens, crows, hawks, owls, large falcons, martens, & raccoons prey on chicks. Fun Fact(s): One of Edgar Allan Poe’s most famous works is The Raven. Many European cultures saw them as evil in disguise. Viking god Odin has 2 ravens, Hugin (thought) & Munin (memory). Many American Indian & First Nations tribes view Raven as sly trickster involved in creation. These birds are highly intelligent-very likely some of the smartest birds in the world. Play an important role at Tower of London-after Great Fire of London in 1666, Charles II ordered at least 6 birds be kept at tower. Since then, there’s always been at least 6 birds there. It was said killing them was bad omen & kingdom would not outlive last killed raven.