ANIMAL: Burnished-Buff Tanager Stilpnia cayana Type of Animal: Songbird Habitat: Forest borders, forest, woodland, savanna, grassland, pastures, gardens, plantations, parks, shrubland, arable land Location(s): South America Appearance: Females duller than males being buffy w/ greenish back/wings, pale throat, faint black mask. Males have turquoise to dark-green to bluish wings/tail, males in W/N part of range have orange-rufous crown/black mask/cream underbelly & violet-gray throat, males in E/S part of range have orange-buff crown/buff underbelly w/ black patch extending from mask over throat/central chest to mid-belly, males in parts of NE Brazil (especially Marajo Island) have intermediate appearance between W/N & E/S populations, rather small compact bird. Food/Diet: Fruits, berries, insects Status in Wild: Stable Conservation: Breeding in zoos & aviculture Lifestyle: Flocks of 2-5 birds Additional Info: Called: Male: Cock Female: Hen Young: Chick Group: Flock Weight: 0.63 oz Gestation: 2.5 weeks Life Span: 7-8 years in wild, 12-15 years in captivity Height: 5.12-5.51 in Body Length: 5.12-5.51 in Tail Length: 1.8-2 in These birds can be rather noisy. These birds resident throughout range. Constructs deep open-cup nests from roots/leaves/grasses on foliage branches. Females usually lay 2 eggs. These birds sometimes join mixed-species flocks. Populations increasing in wild. Chicks fledge at 15 days & become independent at 3 weeks but may stay w/ parents for longer. While both parents care for chicks, only females incubate eggs. These birds are very active fliers. These birds forage at all levels. Breeding times vary across range. Fun Fact(s): Also called Rufous-Crowned Tanagers. Both common names derive from coloration.