ANIMAL:Labrador Retriever Canis familiaris
Type of Animal:
Homes, urban/suburban/rural areas, pretty much anywhere they can adapt
Worldwide-originated in E Canada & UK
Usually come in yellow, black, & chocolate sometimes silver, medium-large dogs, short dense coat, broad head w/ slightly pronounced eyebrows, medium length muzzle, broad strong tail, webbed toes, can be stocky or lighter-framed
Dog food, kibble, rice, meat, eggs, milk, poultry, fish, shellfish, fruit, oatmeal, peanut butter, pasta, vegetables, legumes, root/tuber vegetables, greens, melons, berries, carrion, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles
Status in Wild:
Social breed, often living in pairs or small packs
Male: 65-80 lbs
Female: 55-70 lbs
Young: 12 lbs
2 monthsLife Span:
Male: 1.875-2.04 ft
Female: 1.79-1.95 ft
Male: 3.5 ft
Female: 3 ft
0.9 ft, same for both sexes
Main predators are bears, wild canids, feral dogs, crocodilians, large raptors, large snakes, & wild felids.
Originated in Newfoundland in 1500s-originally bred w/ Newfoundlands creating Lesser Newfoundlands or St. John’s Water Dogs. Originally used for bringing back fish that fell off fishing hooks. St. John’s Water Dogs became extinct in 1980s but acted as ancestors to Labs as well as other modern retrievers.
1st imported to England in early 1800s.
Most popular dogs in US, Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand, & Israel.
They’re very affectionate & friendly dogs.
Most common breed used as guide/service/therapy dogs as well.
2nd Earl of Malmesbury bred them for waterfowl hunting/retrieving in early 1800s.
3rd Earl of Malmesbury, 6th Duke of Buccleuch, & 12th Earl of Home collaborated to develop modern lab. 2 males given by Malmesbury to Buccleuch bred w/ females carrying blood from those originally imported by 5th Duke of Buccleuch & 10th Earl of Home.
Not known to be good guard dogs.
Commonly used in hunting, search & rescue, police work, detection, & military work.
Commonly mixed w/ many other dog breeds.
1st dog to detect diabetic episodes was yellow lab named Armstrong 1st trained in 2003.
Led Zeppelin song “Black Dog” actually named after Black Lab wandering around Headley Grange studio while recording album Led Zeppelin IV.
Due to powerful noses, they’ve been able to sniff out/identify early stages of cancer.
In 1981, black lab mix Bosco won honorary mayoral election of Sunol, California & was honorary mayor until death in 1994.