Pallas’s Cat

Pallas’s Cat Otocolobus manul

Type of Animal:

Mountains/mountainous areas, highlands, rocky areas, rocky outcrops, rocky slopes, ravines, steppe, mountain foothills, hills, hilly landscapes w/ low shrubs & xerophytic grasses, high plateaus w/ low shrubs & xerophytic grasses, intermontane valleys w/ low shrubs & xerophytic grasses, semi-desert/montane steppe transition areas, semi-desert, desert, shrubland, grassland, rocky high-elevation plains, alpine meadows, alpine pastures, snow-covered valleys of less than 3.94 in, open flatlands, caves, burrows, crevices, juniper forest ridges

Ranges from Caucasus through C Asia all the way to parts of Siberia

Smaller grayish stocky fluffy cat w/ rounded ears, sometimes fur has pale yellowish-ochre or pale yellowish-reddish hues. Summer coat darker-rich color while winter coat is grayer.

Rodents, lagomorphs, hedgehogs, shrews, birds, lizards, insects, carrion

Status in Wild:

Breeding in zoos & wildlife centers. Manul Working Group/Pallas Cat Working Group created in 2012 & Pallas Cat International Conservation Alliance (PICA) set up in 2016.


Additional Info:

Male: Tom
Female: Queen
Young: Kitten
Group: Solitary

Male: 6.48-11.02 lbs
Female: 5.84-10.03 lbs
Young: 1.1 lb

2.5 months

Life Span:
7-9 years

0.98-1 ft, same for both sexes

Body Length:
1.5-2 ft, same for both sexes

Tail Length:
8.3-12.2 in, same for both sexes

Main predators are snow leopards, wolves, dogs, foxes, eagles, & eagle owls.

Also called the Manul.

Named for Prussian/German zoologist Peter Pallas.

Sexually mature at 5-6 months. 

When chased, these cats seek refuge rather than run due to them being poor runners.

Though stable, they face threats such as habitat fragmentation/loss, mining, climate change, poaching for fur/sport/medicinal use, persecution, poisoning, livestock presence, disease, infrastructure developments, inbreeding, pet trade, & accidental capture.

Litters range from 2-8 kittens & they stay w/ mom for 5-8 months.

Breed from December-March w/ kittens being born in spring.

Fur coloration aids in camouflage.

Fun Fact(s):
These cats can purr, growl, yelp, & hiss.

Densest fur of any cat in the world.

These cats rather difficult to breed in captivity.

These cats appear on Russia’s two-ruble coin.

Females only in heat for 1-2 days a year.

They fluff themselves up to make themselves look bigger when threatened.

These cats are very shy & secretive in wild & can be quite ferocious if cornered/bothered. Despite their fluffy appearance, they don’t make good pets. 

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