Bengal Tiger

Bengal Tiger  Panthera tigris

Type of Animal:

Grassland, tropical/subtropical rainforest, scrub forest, tropical/subtropical deciduous forest, tropical/subtropical dry forest, mangroves, mangrove forest, swampland, monsoon forest, tropical/subtropical evergreen forest, woodland, savanna, rocky areas, floodplains, riverine forest, temperate/subtropical/tropical upland forest

India, Bangladesh, Burma, parts of Nepal & Bhutan

Mostly orange w/ black stripes/white belly, male larger than female w/ more distinctive head, heavier look on males. White tigers genetic mutation of Bengal Tiger.

Pigs, primates, bears, foxes, rabbits, hares, civets, deer, cattle, buffalo, antelope, muntjac, goats, sheep, rhino calves, elephant calves, porcupines, equines, jackals, tapirs, dholes, wolves, leopard cubs, clouded leopard, carrion, gazelles, fish, birds, dogs, rodents (including porcupines), reptiles (especially crocodilians, pythons, & monitor lizards). Rare cases of man-eating tigers.

Status in Wild:

Breeding from zoos & wildlife parks

Solitary, though sometimes siblings live together after leaving mom for a few years & male-female pairs sometimes hunt together/share kills outside of breeding season. Occasionally, small breeding groups of a male & 1-3 females occur.

Additional Info:


Male-419-569 lbs
Female-221-353 lbs
Young-18-24 lbs

3.5 months

Male-3 ft
Female-2.6 ft

Body Length:
Male-8.8-10.2 ft
Female-7.11-8.7 ft

Life Span: 
15 years in wild, up to 20 years in captivity

Tail Length:
Male-3.58 ft
Female-2.75 ft

Occasionally, crocodiles prey on adults. These result in fights to death ending up w/ first one dead gets eaten. Large pythons, dholes, wolves, black bears, leopards, male tigers, & hyenas prey on cubs.

Endangered due to medicinal trade, habitat loss, logging/deforestation, loss of prey, pet trade, hunting for fur/meat/sport, inbreeding, persecution as livestock/poultry killer/man-eater, & water pollution.

Fights over territory fierce, often resulting in death.

Sexually mature at 2-2.5 years old.

Male tigers kill cubs if given the chance, especially if they're not related to them.

Largest populations found in Sundarbans Tiger Reserve on Bangladesh/India border, Kaziranga National Park in India, & Bandhavgarh National Park in India.

Each male territory has 3-5 female territories.

Fun Fact(s):
While there’s 2,500-3,000 of them in wild, many more live in captivity. Around 4,000 live in Texas alone & many are pets. TIGERS DON’T MAKE GOOD PETS!

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