Amur/Siberian Tiger

Amur/Siberian Tiger Panthera altaica

Type of Animal:

Forests, woodlands, bush & forest-covered mountainous areas

Amur-Ussuri region of E. Siberia, far N.E. China, & possibly N. Korea. Formerly throughout Russian Far East, Korean Peninsula, N. China, & E. Mongolia.

Largest of all cats, mainly orange w/ black stripes & white underbelly, males larger than females & have more distinctive head, heavier look on males.

Caribou, pigs, moose, deer, sheep, cattle, dogs, goats, equines, lynx, dholes, rabbits, hares, pikas, foxes, carrion, fish, rodents, birds, badgers, raccoon dogs, bears. Have been rare cases of man-eaters.

Status in Wild:

Breeding in zoos & wildlife parks. Reintroduction into areas of former range. Siberian Tiger Introduction Project proposing introducing them to C. Asia & N. Iran to replace now extinct Caspian Tiger.

Solitary, though sometimes siblings will live together for a year or so after leaving mom. Male-female pairs sometimes hunt together/share kills outside of breeding season.

Additional Info:


Male-420-670 lbs
Female-220-370 lbs
Young-10-30 lbs

4 months

3.5 ft, same for both sexes

Body Length:
Male-9.16-10.8 ft
Female-7.8-8.7 ft

Life Span: 
20 years in wild, up to 25 years in captivity

Tail Length:
Male-3.25 ft
Female-3 ft

Only predators of adults are brown bears. Usually, tiger & brown bear fight each other to death and whoever dies first is eaten (usually bear dies 1st). Black Bears, leopards, wolves, & male tigers prey on cubs.

Fights over territory vicious & deadly.

Cubs stay w/ mom for 2 years & she protects them from bears, male tigers, & wolves.

Endangered due to deforestation, habitat loss, persecution as man-eaters/livestock killers, hunting for fur/sport/meat/medicine trade, pet trade, loss of prey, disease, natural disasters, & inbreeding. Population increasing in wild.

Territory marked w/ urine & claw marks.

Male territories range from 60-500 square miles, containing up to 4 female territories.

Have very good senses of sight & smell.

Each tiger has different stripe pattern.

Fun Fact(s):
They will often stalk prey for up to 25 minutes.

Tiger’s roar can be heard over a mile away.

There are more of these tigers in captivity, including pets & circus animals, than in the wild. In fact, only 900 of these tigers remain in the wild.

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