Turquoise Tanager

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana

Type of Animal:

Humid/moist forest, riparian forest, swamp forest, woodlands/woodland edges, cultivation, semiopen areas, forest edges/clearings, tall second growth, plantations, gardens near forest edges, rural gardens, closed/semiopen parks

W & C Brazil, Guiana Shield, Venezuela, Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia, & Trinidad w/ disjunct population in E Brazil (possibly separate species called White-Bellied Tanager).

Dark blue face, black patch in front of dark stout pointed bill, blue flanks w/ black spots, blackish/dark blue back/wings/tail, pale yellow to yellow to whitish belly, turquoise edging in primaries, long dark tail. Possible separate White-Bellied variety larger than other subspecies w/ overall duller blue plumage, white belly, & blue edging in primaries. Trinidadian subspecies has darker blue head/breast & more vivid yellow belly.

Insects, insect larvae, grubs, fruit, berries, seeds, flowers, leaves, vegetables, eggs

Status in Wild:

Breeding in zoos, wildlife centers, & aviculture

Flocks of 5-15 birds

Additional Info:

Male: Cock
Female: Hen
Young: Chick
Group: Flock

0.7 oz

2 weeks

Life Span:
7 years

5.5 in

Body Length:
5.5 in

Tail Length:
1.97 in

Main predators are carnivorous/omnivorous mammals, predatory birds, snakes, & crocodilians.
Bulky cup-shaped nest built in trees/shrubs.
Females usually lay 2-3 brown blotched grey-green eggs per clutch.
Song sounds like fast squeaky chatter tic-tic-tic-tic-tic.
Sexually mature at 9 months old.
They’re non-seasonal breeders.
Female does all incubation but both parents take care of chicks.
Chicks fledge at 2 weeks & become independent at 1 month.
Sometimes join mixed-species flocks.
Chicks hatch w/ eyes closed, opening eyes at 5 days old. At same time, pinfeathers develop on wings/abdomen/chest.
Chick makes 1st vocalization at a week old.
Chick 1st preens itself at 10-11 days old. This is time when tail feathers begin to come in.
Active during the day (diurnal).

Fun Fact(s):
Despite scientific name, Mexico not part of range.
Sometimes hybridize w/ other Tangara species.
All adults within flock assist in feeding each other’s nestlings.

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