Scarlet Macaw

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao

Type of Animal:

Rainforest, humid evergreen forest, lowland forest, tall deciduous forest, tall deciduous trees near rivers, gallery woodland, open woodland, mangrove vegetations, river edges, savanna

Native to E & S Mexico, Central America, N & C South America, & Trinidad & Tobago. Introduced in Florida.

Very colorful bird, mostly red to scarlet bird w/ yellow feathers, larger Central American scarlet macaws have blue on wings, South American subspecies has green on wings, some specimens have blue & green on wings, whitish upper mandible, black lower mandible, very long tail. Somewhat similar appearance to green-winged macaw but smaller/more colorful.

Nuts, berries, seeds, leaves, fruit, plant matter, stems, flowers, nectar, clay, insects, insect larvae, snails

Status in Wild:

Breeding in zoos, aviculture, & wildlife centers. Reintroductions into areas w/ low populations & parts of former range.

Flocks of 2-30 birds. Break off into monogamous pairs for breeding/nesting season.

Additional Info:

Male: Cock
Female: Hen
Young: Chick
Group: Flock

Male: 2.3 lbs
Female: 2 lbs
Young: 0.9 oz

1 month

Life Span:
40-50 years in wild, 75-80 years in captivity

2.67 ft

Body Length:
2.67 ft

Tail Length:
1.335 ft

Main predators of adults are felids, snakes, crocodilians, tayra, coati, opossums, rats, raptors, & monkeys. Toucans, smaller monkeys, false vampire bats, corvids, & skunks prey on chicks. 

Strong beaks easily crack open nuts.

Sexually mature at 2-3 years old.

Chicks may stay w/ parents for up to a year.

They have a 3 ft wingspan.

Females lay 1-4 eggs.

Ingest clay/minerals/sand/salt to help neutralize toxins in some of the food they eat.

Often seen w/ green-winged macaws at clay licks.

Due to diet, they play important role in seed dispersal.

While stable, pet trade, hunting for feathers, habitat loss, & logging do take toll through range.

National bird of Honduras.

Bonded pairs often fly w/ wings nearly touching each other.

Fun Fact(s):
Like other macaws, they can mimic human speech.

They can fly 35 mph.

These macaws have a wide range of temperaments & can make decent pets. Like other macaws, they’re loud & high-maintenance. They can also outlive owners.

Hybrid forms occur in captivity-Catalina macaws (hybrid of Scarlet & Blue-and-Gold Macaw) probably being the most popular.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *